Braiding Six Strand Challah Bread

The Fun Way to Braiding Six Strand Challah Bread

Braiding a six-strand challah bread might seem intricate, but with some practice, it becomes an enjoyable and visually appealing technique. Challah is a traditional Jewish bread, often enjoyed during special occasions and holidays. Here’s a step-by-step guide to braiding a six-strand challah bread:


  • 4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 packet active dry yeast (about 2 1/4 teaspoons)
  • 1/2 cup warm water
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • Egg wash (1 beaten egg + 1 tablespoon water)
  • Optional: sesame or poppy seeds for sprinkling


  1. Activate the Yeast:
    • In a small bowl, dissolve the yeast in warm water. Add a pinch of sugar and let it sit for about 5-10 minutes until it becomes foamy. This indicates that the yeast is active.
  2. Prepare the Dough:
    • In a large mixing bowl, combine the activated yeast, sugar, vegetable oil, eggs (save one for the egg wash), and salt.
    • Gradually add the flour while mixing until a dough forms.
    • Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and knead for about 8-10 minutes until the dough is smooth and elastic.
  3. First Rise:
    • Place the dough in a greased bowl, cover it with a damp cloth, and let it rise in a warm place for about 1-2 hours or until it doubles in size.
  4. Divide the Dough:
    • Punch down the risen dough and divide it into 6 equal portions. Shape each portion into a smooth ball.
  5. Roll into Strands:
    • Roll each ball into a strand, about 12-15 inches long. Make sure the strands are even in length.
  6. Start Braiding:
    • Line up the strands vertically in front of you. Number them from 1 to 6, left to right.
    • Take strand 1 and cross it over strands 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, placing it between strands 5 and 6.
  7. Continue Braiding:
    • Now, take strand 6 and cross it over strands 4, 3, 2, and 1, placing it between strands 1 and 2.
    • Repeat these steps, alternating between strand 1 and strand 6, always crossing over the other strands and tucking the end under the bread.
  8. Finish the Braid:
    • Once you’ve reached the end of the strands, pinch them together and tuck them under the loaf to seal the braid.
  9. Second Rise:
    • Place the braided challah on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Cover it with a damp cloth and let it rise for about 30-45 minutes.
  10. Preheat and Brush with Egg Wash:
  • Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C).
  • Beat the remaining egg and water to create the egg wash. Brush the egg wash over the entire surface of the challah.
  1. Bake:
  • Place the challah in the preheated oven and bake for about 25-30 minutes or until it’s golden brown and sounds hollow when tapped on the bottom.
  1. Cool and Enjoy:
  • Let the challah cool on a wire rack before slicing and serving.

Optional: You can sprinkle sesame or poppy seeds over the challah just before baking for added flavor and visual appeal.

Braiding a six-strand challah requires a bit of practice, so don’t worry if it takes a few tries to get it perfect. The end result is not only a delicious bread but also a beautiful centerpiece for your table.

What are Some Things you Should Remember about Braiding Challah?

When making challah, a traditional Jewish bread, remember a few essential things.

1. Dough Consistency: The first thing to remember is to ensure the dough has the right consistency. The dough for challah should be soft and sticky but easy to work with. If the dough is dry enough, it will be easy to braid, and the bread that comes from it may be tricky. On the other hand, if the dough is too wet, it will be hard to work with and might not bake well. Changing how much flour or fluids you use while making the dough can help you get the right consistency.

2. Splitting and shaping the dough: For the challah to be braided, the dough needs to be cut into equal pieces. It’s important to weigh or measure the dough to ensure the pieces are all the same size so that the braid looks even. Once you have split it, make each part into a long rope the same length as the others. Before you start winding, roll these ropes gently on a clean surface to make the surface smooth and even.

3. Braiding Techniques: There are different ways to braid challah, each giving it a different look. Most of the time, people use a three-strand braid. Start by putting the three bands next to each other and squeezing the tops together. Then, cross the right strand over the center one and the left strand over what is now the center. Keep switching sides until you reach the bottom, then glue the ends together.

One thing to remember is to braid closely but not too tightly. If the braid is too open, the dough may separate, and the bread may lose shape while baking. If the braid is tight enough, the bread may become dense. You can find the right mix by practicing and trying different things.

Remember that braiding bread is a skill and an art that gets better the more you do it. Keep going even if your first tries go differently than planned. Enjoy the process, try different ways to braid the dough, and soon, you’ll have beautiful challah bread to share with friends and family.

How Long Should Challah Rise after Braiding?

After making challah, the dough must be given time to rise before it can be baked. The dough gets more flavour and texture during this time and gets lighter and fluffier. But the exact length of the rise time can depend on several things.

Temperature and Humidity: The temperature and humidity in your kitchen can significantly affect how long bread takes to rise. The yeast in the dough will grow better in a warmer, more wet place, making the dough rise faster. In contrast, if it’s cold and dry, the dough will need more time to rise correctly.

Type and Amount of Yeast Used: The time it takes for challah to rise depends on the type and amount of yeast used. The dough will rise faster with rapid-rise yeast than with active dry yeast. Also, using too little yeast or yeast that has gone bad can make the rising time longer, while using too much yeast can cause the bread to rise too much and fall.

Size and shape of the dough: The size and shape of the dough can also affect how long it takes to rise. It will take longer for a giant loaf to rise than a smaller one. In the same way, dough left in a form that is bigger or denser, like a stuffed challah, will take longer to rise than a simple braided challah.

Usually, challah dough should rise for 60 to 90 minutes or until it has doubled in size after it has been braided. But there is no hard and fast rule about how long bread needs to rise. Checking the size and thickness of the dough is the best way to tell when your challah is ready to bake. If the dough has risen enough, it should feel light, airy, and grown in size. It should also be ready to go into the oven.

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